ZIL — Conference, Hotel, Offices and Retail Complex
Recently, many industrial areas in the city are being adapted to new functions.
Particular attention was paid to the huge territory of the former ZIL automobile plant which is located in Danilovsky district of Moscow. The renovation project includes a variety of residential development, sports and culture objects, as well as new infrastructure facilities.
Location – Influence
GBA 36 231 sq.m.
GLA 19 839 sq.m.
14 floors hotel
7 floors offices
1,56 ha plot area
Frames and panels
Project of the Multifunctional Center is located on the Moscow Third Transport Ring (TTK).
It is part of the ”Park of Legends” that includes as well Museum of Hockey Glory, Hockey Arena, Water-sport center and Apartments development.
2000 convention center
84 office units
360 restaurant seats
33 retail units
• hotel for business guests
• convention center with ball-room
• middle-size offices
• thematic restaurant and bar
• steet retail
The shape of the building is made in the rhythm of variable heights of volumes, maximally revealing the view of the territory from the side of the main entrance zone to the territory. One-storey stylobate is located along the pedestrian zone of TTK, it combines all volumes together.
On the facade adjacent to the historical building of the museum, it was decided to preserve a part of the historical appearance, archways repeating the proportions and architecture of historical objects on the territory of the ZIL plant. The first two-storey volume, in which the historical arches are inscribed, is a two-storey restaurant. Brick facade helps to bring human-scale and sense of place.
The volume of the office block is the center of the composition. The hotel volume completes the whole story and is the dominant of the architectural composition.
What was the first idea of this project and how it`s changed over time?
This is one of the few projects that was drawn and adopted immediately by the Customer in one version from the first sketch. There was no options and variants of facades as well. The volumes of the building were also agreed at the first meeting. Only the shape of the hotel block has changed according to replacement.
Who was a client and what were the wishes of how this project should appear?
The project customer was the company JSC TEN Corporation. The customer had an understanding of the building program. It was originally planned as multifunctional building with a stylobate on 2 floors with a commercial and public function and blocks a 2-storey restaurant, office building and a hotel, which was planned bellow. Based on these requirements our concept was formed, which became the base for the project from the first meetings.
Also one of the requirements was the preservation of the silhouette of the historic arch of the demolished factory building. The prototype of the arch, which we measured on the spot, was transferred to the facade in the two-story part of the building from the side of the Hockey Museum.
By your opinion, what is the new you had invented or redefined by the design?
Significant amount of complex technical decisions were made during designing the building, including a fire prevention innovative design, because the building is multifunctional and represents volumes that are dynamically developing in terms of stylobate.
Did you face any special challenges or problems while designing?
One of the most difficult tasks was to put the building to the existing relief because street retail was supposed to be on the first floor of the stylobate and along the entire length of the facade (more than 100 m) from each shop it was necessary to make an exit to the ground level. It was very important to make convenient entrances to shops to avoid doubtful local decisions after. That was quite a challenge because the relief is highly developed along the facade with a fairly strong slope and the facade in fact adjoins the border of the site and the red line. This task was solved by pushing the facade from the red line into the interior of the site to the level necessary for the organization of even plot in front of entrances. In solving this task, the existing marks of the square in front of the museum on the border with our site on which the relief was organized dominated.
It was also not very easy to find a point of contact with a hotel operator from France and agree on planning decisions. Except very many meetings with operator group of architects from BA traveled to Paris to explore the 3 main hotels of the high-class operator from the technical basement till the suite and the most luxury apartments. This experience was applied in the design.